fass fuel pump

Diesel 101: Everything You Need To Know As The Owner Of A Diesel Engine

Knowledge is power, so if you drive a big rig or a truck that runs on diesel, it can’t hurt to know a little bit more about it. First of all, there are multiple kinds: just as gasoline is rated by octane, diesel is rated by its cetane, which indicates how easily it ignites and how quickly it burns. Logically, higher ratings equal higher efficiency.

There are two grades of standard diesel fuel (sometimes called diesel oil): Diesel #1 and Diesel #2. You don’t need to worry about differentiating their cetane levels, however, because all diesel automakers specify Diesel #2 for normal driving conditions — Diesel #1 is usually only used by truckers who need to carry heavy loads over long distances.

Diesel fuel is also measured by its viscosity; like all oils, it gets thicker and cloudier at lower temperatures, and can even become a gel and refuse to flow under extreme conditions. Diesel #1 is more efficient in cold temperatures because it naturally flows more easily. But don’t worry if you live in a place that experiences exceptionally cold and bitter winters: most service stations offer blended diesel fuel for local weather conditions.

Historically, diesel engines have been around since the 1890s. However, it wasn’t until a few decades ago that conventional diesel exhaust was linked to cancer due to exposure and considered extremely dangerous. As a result, clean diesel engines were created: with many diesel filtration systems and diesel fuel lift pumps in existence designed to reduce harmful emissions, use of diesel fuel has become considerably safer — just be sure not to inhale the fuels themselves when filling up.

Today, there are over 50 different types of diesel engines to choose from. You have the pick of the litter when it comes to your particular set up: the FASS fuel pump (fuel air separation system) is remarkable in its ability to combine both a fuel lift pump and filtration system to increase efficiency, which increases mileage. FASS fuel pumps also boost engine performance and extend the life of your diesel injection system which saves you money on repairs and replacements in the long run. They are also exceptionally clean, so you don’t have to worry about your carbon footprint or personal health.

universal fuel pump

Florida Man Accused Of Plotting To Steal Diesel Fuel Arrested

Adding another “Florida Man” story to the growing list, a man in Florida was arrested in mid-September for plotting to steal diesel fuel. Donald Fowler, 47, had been driving an SUV hauling a trailer when he was pulled over by a Polk County deputy; his vehicle had no tags and he was driving without his lights on.

 

Upon pulling Fowler over, the deputy (who was a PCSO detective with the Agricultural Crimes Unit) discovered a 500-gallon plastic tank in the trailer, as well as a transfer universal fuel pump device, a pair of bolt cutters, a pipe wrench, and a glove in the backseat. Fowler then admitted his intent to steal diesel fuel and was taken to jail.

 

It was later discovered that Fowler had already cut the chain in the fence surrounding Putnam’s Citrus Grove, which held a pump shed and several gallons of fuel — while he was detained, somebody else had broken in and stolen around 60 gallons of the stuff.

 

It sounds ridiculous, doesn’t it? Logic seems to dictate that, if you’re going to steal anything diesel related, you should go for the engine parts: diesel fuel pumps and diesel filtration systems, or any of the components involved in diesel fuel systems rather than the fuel itself. A fuel lift pump or universal fuel pump has to run for more than “black market” diesel, right? Apparently not.

 

The country has been struggling quite a great deal with people stealing diesel. It’s supposed to be less risky than selling drugs, and the money is easy — criminals can make $1,000 or more a day re-selling the stolen fuel. They certainly have a market for it; around 10% of all trucks sold in the U.S. are diesel engine trucks, and that’s not including all of the construction vehicle and equipment that runs on diesel.

 

Perpetrators of the crime use credit card “skimmers”, which record the card information of unsuspecting customers as they fuel up, and then transfer this information onto the magnetic strip of a counterfeit card. Los Angeles, Las Vegas, and Miami are the hot spots for diesel theft, with some gangs making away with nearly $20 million a year.

diesel fuel systems

Diesel Fuel Systems: Everything You Need To Know

You’ve always seen the option when you go to the gas station, but have never really paid much attention to it: diesel fuel. What makes it different from gasoline and why does it matter? Here’s everything you need to know about diesel fuel systems and their role in American society.

How it Differs

Both gasoline and diesel fuel systems are internal combustion engines, compressing fuel and then igniting it to convert chemical energy to mechanical energy. However, their methods of combustion are not the same: diesel engines compress air and then introduce the fuel (air heats up when it is compressed so contact with diesel fuel creates ignition), whereas gasoline engines mix gas and air from the get-go and compress them, then spark plugs create sparks that ignite the mixture.

Diesel fuel is heavier and more oily than gasoline, so it evaporates more slowly. Additionally, it is remarkably more efficient due to its combustion method: many diesel engines get around 45 miles to the gallon on the highway, which explains why most commercial trucks and freights employ the use of diesel fuel systems. As a result, a good chunk of American commerce relies on big rigs that run on diesel.

Understanding the Components

A diesel engine is made up of five essential parts: the tank, the diesel fuel pump, diesel fuel filters, the injection pump, and injection nozzles. The fuel reservoirs are specifically designed from aluminum alloys or sheet metals to withstand the corrosive effects of diesel fuel.

The fuel lift pump pulls diesel out of the reservoir and moves it into the injection pump, where it is pushed through the diesel filtration system to remove any contaminants that may have been picked up during its long journey from the refinery to the gas station — this is vital because dirt and debris could severely damage the injection system and, subsequently, the entire engine.

The injection pump then compresses the fuel in preparation for injection. Injection nozzles spray the compressed diesel into the combustion chambers, which fire (literally through miniature explosions) and turn the fuel into mechanical energy.

Understanding how your engine functions is a key part of responsible car ownership, even if you’re simply driving it as a result of your job.

diesel fuel pump

Know Your Vehicle: The 4 Types Of Diesel Fuel Pumps

For every 100 cars sold in the United States, one diesel engine car is sold. If you’re among this population of diesel-engine users, make sure that you know what type of diesel fuel pump you have.

 

    1. Common rail fuel injection pump. An electronically controlled diesel fuel supply system, this pump was developed to meet the strict 21st century exhaust gas regulations. It consists of a supply pump, common rail, electronically controlled injectors, a variety of sensors to detect the engine’s running condition, and a computer that controls all of these devices. The engine drives the supply pump, which produces high-pressure fuel. The common rail distributes the fuel to the injectors, which are mounted on each cylinder of the engine.
    2. Distributor (rotary) fuel injection pump. This diesel fuel pump is also controlled electronically by various sensors, an electronic control unit, and an actuator. Similar to the common rail pump, the sensors detect the engine’s running condition and send signals to the control unit. The actuator controls how much fuel is injected and its timing according to the signals it receives from the control unit. The control unit determines what signals it sends by calculating the optimum levels for the engine’s running condition.
    3. In-line fuel injection pump. One of two mechanically controlled diesel fuel systems, the in-line fuel injection pump matches the engine cylinders in their number of fuel pressure mechanisms. This pump is primarily used for medium to large trucks and construction machinery. A camshaft drives the fuel pressure and injection quantity control mechanisms within the pump body. The elements in that body follow an injection order to feed fuel to each engine cylinder.
    4. Distributor injection pump. Also a mechanically controlled diesel fuel pump, the distributor injection pump has just one fuel pressure mechanism, despite the number of engine cylinders the vehicle may have. The distributor is designed to follow the injection order to distribute pressurized fuel to each cylinder. The pump housing holds all of its components, including the governor, timer, and feed pump. As it is so compact, this pump is light and can operate at high speeds, making it perfect for small engines.

Knowing your vehicle’s exact type of diesel fuel pump is important in case it shows signs of needing replacement, which can include sudden surges in speed, rising car temperatures, decreased gas mileage, and more. If you experience any of these indicators, take a look at diesel pump manufacturers or fuel pump manufacturers to see if you need a replacement today.

fuel air separation system

Tips for Changing Your Diesel Air and Fuel Filters

In every engine type, changing the fuel and air filters is a must. Filters that are in poor condition can severely hinder an engine’s ability to perform and cause major issues down the road. While there are similarities between gas engine filters and diesel engine filters, changing the filters on a diesel engine is a bit different.

Before you take a crack at it, here are a few tips to changing your diesel air and fuel filters.

Air Filters

Air filters are typically located in the same area in which you’d find them in a gas engine. Typically, the filter is located in the cold air collector box in a diesel engine. There is a major precaution that you should take when changing the air filter on a diesel engine and that is to ensure that the engine is off. Diesel engines have very powerful suction and if you were to drop anything in the intake, which leads directly to the engine, you can cause some serious damage. When you locate the filter, simply replace it with a correctly fitting new one.

Fuel Filters

Diesel fuel systems are inherently different than gas engines and so it’s important to know what you’re looking at before you get started. Fuel filters are essential to diesel engines and keep out four main impurities: water, scale, rust, and dirt. A diesel filtration system consists of two fuel filters, the primary and the secondary diesel fuel filters. The first filter is located between the tank and the engine, with the secondary filter closer to the engine. Most filters are easy to change and simply require you to unscrew the old one and screw the new one into place. Just be sure to moisten the new gasket with fuel first. One thing to note with diesel fuel systems, when you change the filters you need to bleed the air bubbles from the system. Air is the enemy of diesel engines and you can purchase diesel fuel air separation systems to help while the engine runs.

You can always refer to your owner’s manual to figure out exactly how to change your filters and bleed the system of air. If you choose to use a fuel air separation system, you may not hear any difference in a six-liter but it is definitely working. If you run into any trouble, contact your local diesel mechanic to provide assistance.

If you’re looking for fuel air separation systems or universal fuel pumps, check us out today.

diesel filtration system

Diesel Filtration Systems 101

The diesel filtration system is essential to the proper functioning and operation of a diesel fuel system. Without the fuel filters, the fuel can become loaded with particulates that can damage or corrode the engine and/or other various components of the diesel fuel system. Read more

Cold Weather Performace

Our FASS Titanium Series diesel fuel systems offer two optional electric heater ports. A FASS Electric Heater Kit can be utilized in one or both of these available ports. A coolant port is an additional option that can be utilized to maximize Cold Weather Performance! Brad discusses both of these options and shows just how effective this can be in the coldest of temperatures.

FASS Fuel Systems “Research & Development”

FASS Diesel Fuel Systems continue to produce the best Air Separation Systems on the market. A key to this success is the dedication of the Research and Development team always finding ways to improve the product.

FASS Fuel Systems “Damage Caused by Air in Fuel”

Did you know that diesel fuel contaminated with air can cause serious damage to your injection system? Brad and Josh discuss the damage that can be caused by this air in your diesel fuel. #FASSTechTips

FASS Fuel Systems “Tech Tips” How The FASS Works

How does the FASS Fuel System deliver the purest fuel to your diesel engine? Josh is here to show us how it works. #FASSTechTips